Microbiology from A to Z

Actinomyces In mouth and intestines
Aerobic Needing oxygen
Agar Gelatine to grow in
Alcohol Far more than a drunk’s tipple
Alexander Fleming The birth of antibiotics
Algae The green engine
Anaerobic Life without oxygen
Antibiotics Wonder drug for infections?
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Founder of microbiology
Archaea Discovered in very hot water
Bacteria They are everywhere
Binary fission Quick reproduction
Biodiversity Look for the difference
Biotechnology Around for thousands of years
Botrytis cinerea Noble rot
Caenorhabditis elegans Roundworm important to research
Cell Earth’s smallest life form
Cell membrane Where the cell stops
Cell nucleus The DNA’s residence
Cell wall Prevents bursting
Charles Darwin Father of the theory of evolution
Chloroplast Energetic sunlight absorber
Chromosome Colourful body
Clostridium difficile The black sheep of the class
Clostridium perfringens Rapidly dividing fat lover
Conjugation Horizontal gene transfer
Conservation The battle against decay
Culture The art of multiplying
Cyanobacteria Bacteria or algae?
Cytoplasm The fluid cell
Deinococcus radiodurans Toughest bacteria on earth
Diatom Armour of glass
DNA Key to the organism
Ecosystem An organic unit
Endosymbiosis Linked lives
Enzymes Reaction accelerators
Escherichia coli Not really that bad
Eukaryote In possession of a cell nucleus
Evolution From microbe to mankind
Extremophile Organisms from extremes
Fermentation Energy supplier
Fungus Up to 5 million species
Gene 25,000 genes decide who you are
Genetics What you inherit and from whom
Infection Source of sickness and infection
Johanna Westerdijk First female professor
Lactobacillus casei Indispensable for your health
Metabolism The body at work
Microbiology The science of micro-organisms
Microbiome All your microbes
Microbiota Microbes in one place
Micro-organism or microbe 100 million different species
Microscope Progress of the magnifying glass
Mitochondrion The cell’s power stations
Multicellular Between two and three billion cells
Mushrooms Smart spore spreaders
Mutation Change in the genetic material
Mycelium Network of fungal threads
Mycorrhiza Plants and fungi interact
Organelle The cell’s organs
Parasite Living off a host
Pathogen Driving force of diseases
Penicillium roqueforti A famous cheesemaker
photosynthesis providing our oxygen
Pilobolus Dung fungus
Prokaryote Organism with no cell nucleus
Propionibacterium acnes Helpful skin resident
Reproduction From one, comes another
Rhizobium Root nodules
RNA Help in copying
Rotifer Catching food with a vortex
Slide the micro-world in between glass
Slime mould The brainless clever clogs
Slipper animalcule Single-cell organism with a tiny mouth
Staphylococcus aureus not always too nice
Staphylococcus epidermidis Lives in sweaty places
STI Sick from sex
Streptococcus At home everywhere
Streptomycetes From antibiotics to earthy forest scent
Symbiosis In between co-operation and merger
Telomere Repeating end bits
Trichophyton rubrum Home between the toes
Unicellular From algae to amoebas
Vaccination Injecting weakened pathogens
Virus The very smallest are the most numerous
Volvox Floating inside the mother sphere
Water bears or moss piglets Little survivors all over the place
Water flea Bouncing crustaceans
Yeast A fungus in a hundred